In 2009, a baby born in America could expect to live an average of 78 years, according to estimates from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). But this is now changing: A study in the Journal of Health Metrics shows the United States now ranks behind 10 other developed countries when it comes to life expectancy, even though Americans spend more on health care than people in most other countries.
Another study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, found that between 2000 and 2007, more than 80% of counties in the US fell in standing against the average of the 10 nations with the best life expectancies in the world. Five counties in Mississippi have the lowest life expectancies for women, all below 74.5 years, putting them behind Honduras, El Salvador, and Peru. Four of those counties, along with Humphreys County, MS, have the lowest life expectancies for men, all below 67 years, meaning they are behind Brazil, Latvia, and the Philippines.
Nationwide, women fare more poorly than men. The researchers found that women in 1,373 counties – about 40% of US counties – fell more than five years behind the nations with the best life expectancies. Journal of Health Metrics editor, Dr. Chris Murray says “It’s a real surprise to us in the study that women are faring so much worse than men. American women still live longer than men by five to eight years. But they have picked up some bad habits: Women are now smoking more. The obesity epidemic in women is greater than in men. Progress in tackling blood pressure is much worse in women,” Murray added.
So, what we need right now is more Blue Zones in the US. The phrase was coined by in 2004 by author, Dan Buettner, who teamed up with National Geographic and hired the world’s best longevity researchers to identify pockets around the world where people reach age 100 at rates 10 times greater than in the United States – the blue zones. Some of them are:
- Okinawa, Japan
- Sardinia, Italy
- Loma Linda, California
- Nicoya, Costa Rica
- Ikaria, Greece
So, where are our Blue Zones? Women live the longest in Collier, FL, at 86 years on average, better than France, Switzerland, and Spain. Men live the longest in Fairfax County, VA, at 81.1 years, which is higher than life expectancies in Japan and Australia. Women are also living long lives in Teton, Wyoming; San Mateo and Marin, California; and Montgomery, Maryland. For men, long life spans also can be found in Marin, California; Montgomery, Maryland; Santa Clara, California; and Douglas, Colorado.